24 Balfour Road is developed as a wool store by Dalgety & Co. Little did they know, this 6000 m2 space would be used for much bigger things in the future


Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (DSIR), which later became Industrial Research Limited (IRL), renovates the building as a dedicated science building over a two-year period moving in October 1988.

Building named Brooke House, after John Brooke the first director of AIDL (Auckland Industrial Development Laboratory) which was formed as part of war effort in WWII, and eventually became part of DSIR.


BioDiscovery (now BioConsortia) approaches the 24 Balfour Road building manager for laboratory space, becoming the first private startup to take up residence on site. BioDiscovery goes on to make major breakthroughs in the discovery of natural microbial products used for improving crop yields.


Dr. Sean Simpson and Dr. Richard Forster move into BioDiscovery’s laboratories and work on turning waste gas into ethanol, founding global biofuels leader, LanzaTech.


Pictor is founded by Dr Anand Kumble and Dr Sarita Kumble, who develop techniques using immunoassays of liquid biopsies, to diagnose multiple diseases from a single sample

Rocket Lab, New Zealand’s premier spaceflight and rocketry company, is founded by Peter Beck, with help from seed investor Mark Rocket.


LanzaTech builds a pilot plant in the BlueScope steel facility in Glenbrooke, Auckland, capable of producing fifty thousand litres of synthesis gas per year.


Rocket Lab is the first private company in the southern hemisphere to reach space with their rocket, Atea.


Hydroxsys is formed by Mark Hartstone with the goal of synthesising improved membranes for industrial membrane filtration.


Callaghan Innovation formed by a merger between Industrial Research Limited (IRL), The Foundation for Research, Science and Technology (FoRST) and other government organisations and continued to reside at 24 Balfour Road.

Geoffrey Bates found Pastoral Robotics with their flagship product “Spikey” designed to reduce nitrate leaching and maximise fertilisation.

SC Bio is founded by Aaron Watson, specialising in endotoxin testing and microbial identification


Avertana is launched by Sean Molloy, Sherif Ibrahim and James Obern. Avertana extracts mineral and chemical ingredients from waste ‘slag’ produced in steel mills.

BioConsortia is established as the parent company of BioDiscovery, after Khosla and Otter Capital invest over $NZ15M, allowing their discoveries to be shared with the world.

LanzaTech graduates from Level Two after raising $120M in series D, principally from NZ Super Trust and Mitsui, and moves to Chicago.


Breathe Easy founded by Andrea Miller, Bob Elliot and Brent Ogilvie. Breathe Easy is designing and testing a new nebulised-delivery drug called Citramel, used to breakdown mucous and assist delivery of anti-biotics in Cystic Fibrosis

Rocket Lab graduates from Level Two after six years of growth and moves to Airport Oaks.

Dotterel Technologies, finalists in the Callaghan Innovation’s C-Prize competition, is formed and moves into Level Two. Dotterel’s drone technology includes acoustic safety shrouds utilising light-weight nanomaterials, low-noise rotor systems and novel microphone arrays for recording filtered audio from drones in real-time


Dan Bowden, Ilaya Vensky and Jerry Mauger join forces to start O2O2, a company that aims to revolutionise air pollution protection with their cutting-edge face-wear.

Mint Innovation is founded by Dr Will Barker and Dr Ollie Crush. Mint has designed a bioreactor to extract precious metals, such as gold, from electronic waste

NZeno is formed with Dr Paul Tan, Dr Olga Garkavenko and Professor Bob Elliott. NZeno is creating porcine kidneys, that create a reduced immune response, for xenotransplantation.


Dr Will Barker and Matthew Rowe take over management of the first and second floors of 24 Balfour Road from Alan Johnston. A private entity is formed to continue the Deep Tech legacy at what has become to be known as “Level Two”.


Rocket Lab Launches Humanity’s Star. This year they also closed a $NZ140MSeries E fundraising round, led by the Future Fund.

Danielle Appleton and Rosie Bosworth found Evolution Meadows with the goal of creating alt-dairy milk.


Mint Innovation graduates from Level Two to a new site in East Tamaki, Auckland, where they will build the first commercial scale biometallurgical bioreactor that will use microbes to capture value from metal waste streams.

2019 also brings massive renovations at LevelTwo. The ground floor Kenwyn Street entrance will be transformed from a warehouse to eight laboratory and workshop spaces.